in Goa stands at 1,424 km², most of which is owned by
the government. Most of the forests in the state are located
in the interior eastern regions of the state.
The Western Ghats, which form most of eastern Goa, have been
internationally recognised as one of the biodiversity hotspots
of the world. In the February 1999 issue of National Geographic
Magazine, Goa was compared with the Amazon and Congo basins
for its rich tropical biodiversity.
Goa's state animal is the Gaur, the state bird is the Ruby
Throated Yellow Bulbul and the state tree is the Asna.
Foxes, wild boars and migratory birds are found in the jungles
of Goa. The avifauna includes kingfishers, mynas and parrots.
The sea and rivers abound in seafood - prawns, mackerels,
sardines, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, jellyfish, oysters and
catfish form some of the piscine catch are the most popular
with the locals and the visitors.
Goa also has a high snake population, which keeps the rodent
population in control.
Goa has many famous National Parks, including the renowned
Salim Ali bird sanctuary. Other wildlife sanctuaries include
the Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao
Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife
Sanctuary and Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Salim Ali Bird sanctuary, located on the island of Chorao,
is one of the best-known bird sanctuaries in India.
The important forests products are bamboo canes, Maratha barks,
chillar barks and the bhirand. Coconut trees are ubiquitous
and are present in almost all areas of Goa barring the elevated
regions. A large number of deciduous vegetation consisting
of teak, sal, cashew and mango trees are present. Fruits include
jackfruits, mangos, pineapples and blackberries.
Goa has more than 33% of its geographic area under government
forests (1224.38 km².) of which about 62% has been brought
under Protected Areas (PA) of Wildlife Sanctuaries and National
Park. Since there is a substantial area under private forests
and a large tract under cashew, mango, coconut, etc. plantations,
the total forest and tree cover constitutes 56.6% of the geographic